Mango likes warmth and doesn’t like cold. The optimum growth temperature is 25~30 °C. Slow growth is below 20 °C. When the leaves are below 10 °C, the inflorescences will stop growing and the near-ripe fruits will suffer from chilling damage. The annual average temperature of the world mango producing area is higher than 20 °C, and the lowest monthly average temperature is higher than 15 °C. The average annual temperature in China’s normal growing areas is 19.8-24.1 °C, but the annual average temperature is 21-22 °C, and the coldest month temperature exceeds 15 °C. The effective temperature for the growth of mango is 18-35 °C, the suitable growth temperature of the shoots is 24-29 °C, and the growth of fruits and young fruits needs to be greater than the daily average temperature of 20 ° C.
Insufficient temperature, poor pollination and fertilization, even inflorescence death or embryo death. When the temperature is higher than 37 °C, small flowers and fruits will produce sunburn, below 10 °C, sprouts and spikes stop growing, below 5 °C, seedlings, shoots and spikes are very cold, about 0 °C seedling buds, adult tree spikes and shoots, peripheral leaves are affected and die in severe cases. The young trees were frozen to death below -3 °C and the trees were severely frozen.
Mango growing environment
1. Growth environment
Mango is a tropical fruit, suitable for growing in high temperature and dry environment. When growing mangoes, if the ambient temperature is lower than 20 degrees, it will lead to poor plant growth, which will prevent the mangoes from flower bud differentiation. Mangoes need to be planted in places where the ambient temperature is about 24-27 degrees, and mangoes can be grown in temperate tropical regions.
2. Drain water
Mango is a drought tolerant plant, not waterlogging. When growing mangoes, if there is more rainfall, the plants will grow excessively, making it difficult for mangoes to bloom and bear fruit. During the rainy season, it is necessary to drain the accumulated water in the soil for the mangoes, and when the rainfall is too little, water it every other week to make the mangoes grow healthily.
3. Lighting conditions
Mangoes need full sunlight to grow. When growing mangoes, if the light time is too short, the fruit yield of the plants will decrease, and the disease rate of mangoes will also increase. Mangoes need to be planted in a well-lit environment, and the overgrown branches and leaves of the plants should be thinned to improve the light transmittance of the mangoes.
4. Maintenance management
When cultivating mangoes, it is necessary to provide them with well-drained and deep soil, and the pH of the soil is preferably between 5.5-7.0, and the weeds should be pulled out in time to loosen the soil. Artificial weeding or chemical weeding can be used to prevent weeds from robbing mangoes of nutrients and increase the yield of mangoes.
How to freeze mango is the best way to preserve it
First of all, as a tropical food, mango is not suitable for freezing directly in the refrigerator. That is to say, if you directly put mango in the refrigerator for freezing, it will easily cause the mango to deteriorate. This is because in a low temperature environment, mangoes will produce an enzyme, which will then produce black spots on the pulp, so as long as the mango is frozen in the refrigerator, black spots will appear inside, and then it will deteriorate. It only takes about 2 days for a mango to completely spoil in the fridge. Therefore, it is best to cut the mango pulp first, and then put it in a fresh-keeping box for frozen storage, so that it can be stored for a long period of time.
Our company is selling bulk frozen mango, if you are interested in our products, please feel free to contact us. In addition, we also provide other frozen fruits and vegetables, welcome to purchase.